There are many things that you need to consider if you want to make your website accessible to all. The standards that come from the WCAG website accessibility guidelines are one of the best ways to come to terms with accessibility on the part of your website. These guidelines are especially created for people who have disabilities and want to have the same access as regular people when it comes to the various websites that are present online. For people with visual impairments, there are various issues that will not allow them to enjoy navigating websites. There are common website accessibility barriers that these individuals face. Some of these barriers include navigation, layout, non-HTML content, headings, and inaccurate or missing alt text. These barriers have been proven to have some effect on how people with disabilities are able to use screen readers and other necessary technology.
The keyboard commands that you find in screen readers are what make them useful. These features help people with disabilities get information about files, icons, various texts, and folders that are present on the screen. All operating systems come with a certain screen reader in them. Most of them can read portions or all visible text that are present on a page. The best way to comply with the standards of a screen reader is for websites to be designed in a way that website accessibility is being kept in mind. Technology that helps people with disabilities access the web relies on accessibility-enabled codes that are properly structured. If there are code errors or faulty codes, the technology and screen readers used will not serve their purpose.
When it comes to your website creation plans, being aware of website accessibility implies being aware of common website accessibility barriers. If you want to ensure accessibility for your website, you have to see to it that you get your layout and headings right. The use of web headings is vital for website visitors to know what they need on your page. Rather than aiming for decorative headings, you should go with a logical descending heading so that your web page will have more chances of being interpreted by individuals with disabilities correctly. When it comes to reading HTML or CSS, screen readers vary. Determining the sequence in which text is presented can be a challenge for many screen readers, which causes issues. Technology in screen readers enables used to look for text on screen as these readers will not be reading the whole web page. That is why it is important for the HTML structure to be in a logical manner. Logical means that it should read from the right side, from top to bottom. This order ensures screen reader technology compliance.
For the navigation, an accessible website ensures that the screen reader will skip this part of the text. Furthermore, for people with disabilities to better understand the content of your images, you must use alternative tags and text for them.